The collapse of a symbol: the Berlin Wall

Six years after the Second World War ended, the brotherhood (of weapons) USSR the human kind entered in a new era, also known as the ‘Cold War’.

Berlin, the former capital of Germany, was divided in two: one part was under Soviet occupation, while the other one was under Allied control.

Naturally, the Germans from the Soviet occupied territory were running away in the Allies camp.

If things continued in this manner, the Soviets would have awakened one day alone in their part of Berlin.

In 1961 the Soviet occupiers decided to build a wall in order to solve the problembetween the two camps.

Unfortunately, the Berlin Wall was not very effective: from 1961 to 1989, 10,000 East Germans tried to cross the wall and about half of them succeeded. 140 paid with their lives attempting to escape from the communist camp, while the rest were trapped.

In 1975, when the ‘fortification’ was ready, the Soviets celebrated the finalization of the 155 kilometers of wall.  The electric fence measuring 128 kilometers was guarded by 300 watchtowers and 10,000 soldiers.

In June 1989, the communists lost Poland and in November they were banished from in Hungary. On 10 November, the Bulgarian communist leader Zhivkov was removed from the leadership of the country. Seven days later the Velvet Revolution was initiated in Czechoslovakia. On 17 December, the anticommunist revolution began in the Romanian city of Timisoara.

On November 9, 1989, tens of thousands of Germans from both East and West, gathered at the border crossing points and soldiers who were guarding found themselves forced to raise the barriers. It was the end of the Wall, whose systematic demolition began in June 1990. In October of the same year, the German unification would be recorded.

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